Happy Thanksgiving to my followers in the US of A!
The Neolithic settlement Skara Brae, Scotland, dubbed the “Scottish Pompeii” due to its excellent preservation. This site was occupied approximately 3180 BCE–2500 BCE.
8 stone dwellings are what remain of Skara Brae today, each of these are linked together by low, covered passages. Considering the age of these structures, their preservation is astonishing, the walls still stand, and the alleyways are each roofed with their original slab of stone.
The preserved interior fittings of Skara Brae offer a rare insight and glimpse into the daily of Neolithic Orkney. Each house is similar in their basic design, each have a large square room, beds on either side, a shelved dresser on the wall opposite the doorway, and a central fireplace.
It was declared part of a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999, and was described as proclaiming ”the triumphs of the human spirit in early ages and isolated places.”
Photos courtesy & taken by Michel Guilly.
Dr. James Savelle and the remains of a Thule whalebone house
An all-woman team of spelunking scientists has retrieved hundreds of fossils from a 100-foot-deep (30-meter-deep) cave in South Africa — including the cranium from what appears to be a prehistoric humanlike creature.
Mount Sinabung Erupts Again in Indonesia
Photos by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images
1. Mount Sinabung spews pyroclastic smoke as seen from Tigapancur village in Karo district on November 14, 2013 in Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia.
2. Children stand beside a house as painting of mount Sinabung erupts is seen on a truck in Suka Nalu village on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
3. A puppy is seen at an abandoned village in Mardinding village, located just less than three kilometers from mount Sinabung on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
4. Villagers gather at a coffee house in Suka Nalu village on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
5. A woman carries her daughter as Mount Sinabung spews pyroclastic smoke seen from Tigapancur village in Karo district on November 14, 2013 in Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia.
6. A farmer show tomatoes covered in ash at his field after Mount Sinabung errupted spewing volcanic materials in Karo district on November 14, 2013 in Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia.
7. A woman sits outside a church set up as a temporary evacuation center on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
8. Puppies are seen at an abandoned village in Mardinding village on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
9. A man smokes at a temporary evacuation centre on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
10. Refugees sleep inside a church set up as a temporary evacuation center on November 15, 2013 in Karo district, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
Although the earliest known hominins were apparently upright bipeds, there has been mixed evidence whether particular species of hominins including those in the genus Australopithecus walked with relatively extended hips, knees and ankles like modern humans, or with more flexed lower limb joints like apes when bipedal. Here we demonstrate in chimpanzees and humans a highly predictable and sensitive relationship between the orientation of the ankle joint during loading and the principal orientation of trabecular bone struts in the distal tibia that function to withstand compressive forces within the joint. Analyses of the orientation of these struts using microCT scans in a sample of fossil tibiae from the site of Sterkfontein, of which two are assigned to Australopithecus africanus, indicate that these hominins primarily loaded their ankles in a relatively extended posture like modern humans and unlike chimpanzees. In other respects, however, trabecular properties in Au africanus are distinctive, with values that mostly fall between those of chimpanzees and humans. These results indicate that Au. africanus, like Homo, walked with an efficient, extended lower limb” (read more/open access).
(Open access source: PLoS ONE 8(11): e77687, 2013)
Games of the indigenous people in Brazil
The XII Games of the Indigenous People in Cuiaba have begun, where 48 Brazilian indigenous tribes present their cultural rituals and compete in traditional sports such as archery, running with logs and canoeing. The event takes place from Nov 8 to Nov 16. (Reuters)